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Cell Motil Cytoskeleton. 1990;17(2):133-41.

Reorganization of circumferential microfilament bundles in retinal epithelial cells during mitosis.

Author information

1
Department of Anatomy, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

To examine the behaviour of the apical circumferential microfilament bundles (CMBs) associated with the zonula adhaerens (ZA)-junctions during mitosis, retinal pigment epithelial cells were labelled for F-actin, and retinas were serially sectioned for TEM. The results show that the ZA-CMB-complex persists throughout all stages of mitosis. At metaphase, the cells round up, but stay joined apically to adjacent cells by ZA-junctions. At telophase, the cleavage furrow forms asymmetrically from the basal end progressively toward the apical end, where the daughter cells remain connected by an intercellular bridge (IB). As the cleavage furrow with the contractile ring (CR) approaches the CMB, the two microfilament (MF) systems are oriented perpendicularly to each other. At the level of the CMB, the MFs of the CR connect the opposite sides of the CMB and bisect it into two CMBs, one for each of the two daughter cells. Subsequently, the CR in the IB splits into two, one on either side of the midbody. The two daughter cells, having acquired a complete CMB of their own, do not become direct neighbours, since adjacent cells, which remain joined to the apical ZA-junction of the dividing cell, are observed in the cleavage furrow, where they meet and form a ZA-junction between themselves, just below the IB. Separation of the daughter cells without losing contact with neighbouring cells at the level of the apical ZA-junction thus maintains the integrity of the epithelial sheet during mitosis.

PMID:
2257631
DOI:
10.1002/cm.970170208
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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