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Curr Opin Struct Biol. 2012 Jun;22(3):251-61. doi: 10.1016/j.sbi.2012.04.002. Epub 2012 May 9.

Going beyond five bases in DNA sequencing.

Author information

1
Pacific Biosciences, 1380 Willow Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025, United States. jkorlach@pacificbiosciences.com

Abstract

DNA sequencing has provided a wealth of information about biological systems, but thus far has focused on the four canonical bases, and 5-methylcytosine through comparison of the genomic DNA sequence to a transformed four-base sequence obtained after treatment with bisulfite. However, numerous other chemical modifications to the nucleotides are known to control fundamental life functions, influence virulence of pathogens, and are associated with many diseases. These modifications cannot be accessed with traditional sequencing methods. In this opinion, we highlight several emerging single-molecule sequencing techniques that have the potential to directly detect many types of DNA modifications as an integral part of the sequencing protocol.

PMID:
22575758
DOI:
10.1016/j.sbi.2012.04.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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