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J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2000 Mar 15;216(6):878-81, 864.

Hypertrophic muscular dystrophy in a young dog.

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Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA.


Hypertrophic muscular dystrophy was diagnosed in a 10-month-old male Rat Terrier with hypersalivation, dysphagia, gait abnormalities, and generalized weakness. Serum creatine kinase activity was high, and electromyography revealed myotonic discharges. Histologic examination of a muscle biopsy specimen revealed muscle fiber degeneration, clusters of basophilic regenerating fibers, and endomysial fibrosis. Staining for dystrophin, a sarcolemmal protein, was decreased, compared with that in muscle specimens from clinically normal dogs. Treatment with mexilitene hydrochloride and procainimide hydrochloride resulted in temporary improvement in clinical signs, but the disease became refractory to treatment, and the dog was euthanatized. Clinical and histologic characteristics of this dystrophin deficiency-related muscular dystrophy were similar to those of X-linked muscular dystrophy in dogs, hypertrophic muscular dystrophy in cats, and Duchenne muscular dystrophy in humans.

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