Send to

Choose Destination
J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2012 Apr;41 Suppl 1:S49-55.

Nasal spray adherence after sinus surgery: problems and predictors.

Author information

Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, University of Western Ontario, London, ON.



To assess patient adherence to nasal spray regimens after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) and to study factors that predict adherence.


A three-arm, randomized, blinded, controlled trial was conducted at a tertiary care academic hospital, studied via a prospective longitudinal survey, of 60 consecutive chronic rhinosinusitis patients managed with ESS and started on one of three postoperative nasal spray regimens. Structured telephone interviews were conducted after surgery over a 12-month period using a validated questionnaire that assessed both spray adherence and barriers to adherence. Patient demographics, time post-ESS, preoperative Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT) scores, Lund-Mackay scores, adherence risk factors, and polyp grades were used as covariates with logistic regression.


Overall, 57.4% of patients were nonadherent. Logistic regression showed that preoperative SNOT scores (p = .018, 95% CI = 0.84-0.98), time post-ESS (p = .016, 95% CI = 1.02-1.22), and the presence of an adherence risk factor (p = .03, 95% CI = 1.18-26.99) significantly predicted whether a patient was adherent and correctly classified 70.4% of all patients. Age, gender, and nasal spray regimen did not predict adherence (p > .05).


The majority of patients were nonadherent to post-ESS nasal sprays, irrespective of which nasal spray regimen they were on. Preoperative SNOT scores, time post-ESS, and the presence of an adherence risk factor predicted adherence. With this knowledge, otolaryngologists can selectively employ strategies to improve adherence in high-risk patients and possibly improve ESS outcomes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center