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Pharmacogenet Genomics. 2012 Jun;22(6):447-65. doi: 10.1097/FPC.0b013e3283528217.

Genetic association analysis of transporters identifies ABCC2 loci for seizure control in women with epilepsy on first-line antiepileptic drugs.

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Genomics and Molecular Medicine Unit, Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology-IGIB, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research-CSIR, Delhi, India.



The ATP-binding cassette (ABC) superfamily of transporters is known to efflux antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) primarily in the brain, gastrointestinal tract, liver, and kidneys. In addition, they are also known to be involved in estrogen disposition and may modulate seizure susceptibility and drug response. The objective of the present study was to investigate the role of genetic variants from ABC transporters in seizure control in epilepsy patients treated with monotherapy of first-line AEDs for 12 months.


On the basis of gene coverage and functional significance, a total of 98 single nucleotide polymorphisms from ABCB1, ABCC1, and ABCC2 were genotyped in 400 patients from North India. Of these, 216 patients were eligible for therapeutic assessment. Genetic variants were compared between the 'no-seizures' and the 'recurrent-seizures' groups. Bonferroni corrections for multiple comparisons and adjustment for covariates were performed before assessment of associations.


Functionally relevant promoter polymorphisms from ABCC2: c.-1549G>A and c.-1019A>G either considered alone or in haplotype and diplotype combinations were observed for a significant association with seizure control in women (odds ratio>3.5, P<10, power>95%). Further, low protein-expressing CGT and TGT (c.-24C>T, c.1249G>A, c.3972C>T) haplotypes were always observed to be present in combination with the AG (c.-1549G>A, c.-1019A>G) haplotype that was over-represented in women with 'no seizures'.


The distribution of the associated variants supports the involvement of ABCC2 in controlling seizures in women possibly by lowering of its expression. The biological basis of this finding could be an altered interaction of ABCC2 with AEDs and estrogens. These results necessitate replication in a larger pool of patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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