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Nat Cell Biol. 2012 May 6;14(6):584-92. doi: 10.1038/ncb2501.

Sorting nexin 17 prevents lysosomal degradation of β1 integrins by binding to the β1-integrin tail.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Medicine, Max Planck Institute for Biochemistry, 82152 Martinsried, Germany.

Abstract

Integrin functions are controlled by regulating their affinity for ligand, and by the efficient recycling of intact integrins through endosomes. Here we demonstrate that the Kindlin-binding site in the β1-integrin cytoplasmic domain serves as a molecular switch enabling the sequential binding of two FERM-domain-containing proteins in different cellular compartments. When β1 integrins are at the plasma membrane, Kindlins control ligand-binding affinity. However, when they are internalized, Kindlins dissociate from integrins and sorting nexin 17 (SNX17) is recruited to free β1-integrin tails in early endosomes to prevent β1-integrin degradation, leading to their recycling back to the cell surface. Our results identify SNX17 as a β1-integrin-tail-binding protein that interacts with the free Kindlin-binding site in endosomes to stabilize β1 integrins, resulting in their recycling to the cell surface where they can be reused.

PMID:
22561348
DOI:
10.1038/ncb2501
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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