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J Vasc Surg. 2012 Jul;56(1):53-63; discussion 63-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jvs.2012.01.006. Epub 2012 May 3.

Efficacy and durability of endovascular thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair using the caudally directed cuff technique.

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Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.



This study determined early and intermediate results of multibranched endovascular thoracoabdominal (TAAA) and pararenal aortic aneurysm (PRAA) repair using a uniform operative technique.


Eighty-one patients (mean age, 73 ± 8 years, 19 [23.5%] women) underwent endovascular TAAA repair in a prospective trial using self-expanding covered stents connecting axially oriented, caudally directed cuffs to target aortic branches. Mean aneurysm diameter was 67 ± 10 mm. Thirty-nine TAAA (48.1%) were Crawford type II, III, or V; 42 (51.9%) were type IV or pararenal. Thirty-three procedures (40.7%) were staged. The insertion approach was femoral for aortic components and brachial for branch components. Follow-up assessments were performed at 1, 6, and 12 months, and yearly thereafter.


All devices (n = 81) and branches (n = 306) were successfully inserted and deployed, with no conversions to open repair. Overall mortality was 6.2% (n = 5), including three perioperative (3.7%) and two late treatment-related deaths (2.5%). Permanent paraplegia occurred in three patients (3.7%), and transient paraplegia/paraparesis occurred in 16 (19.8%). Four patients (4.9%) required dialysis postoperatively, three permanently and one transiently. Women accounted for 67% of the paraplegia, 75% of the perioperative dialysis, and 60% of the perioperative or treatment-related deaths. During a mean follow-up of 21.2 months, no aneurysms ruptured, but four (4.9%) enlarged: two were successfully treated, one was unsuccessfully treated, and one was not treated. No late onset spinal cord ischemia symptoms developed. Of the five patients starting dialysis during follow-up, two resulted from renal branch occlusion. Sixteen branches occluded (nine renal, two celiac) or developed stenoses (four renal, one superior mesenteric artery), requiring stenting. Primary patency was 94.8%, and primary-assisted patency was 95.1%. Thirty-two patients (39.5%) underwent 42 reinterventions. Of 25 early reinterventions (≤ 45 days), 10 were to treat access or insertion complications, and 5 were for endoleak. Of 17 late reinterventions, eight were for endoleak and five were for branch stenosis/occlusion. New endoleaks developed in two patients during follow-up. Overall, 73 of 81 patients (90.1%) were treated without procedure-related death, dialysis, paralysis, aneurysm rupture, or conversion to open repair.


Total endovascular TAAA/PRAA repair using caudally directed cuffs is safe, effective, and durable in the intermediate term. The most common form of late failure, renal artery occlusion, rarely had a clinically significant consequence (dialysis). The trend toward worse outcome in women needs further study.

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