Send to

Choose Destination
Chin J Physiol. 2012 Apr 30;55(2):134-44. doi: 10.4077/CJP.2012.BAA085.

Effects of phytochemicals sulforaphane on uridine diphosphate-glucuronosyltransferase expression as well as cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis in human colon cancer Caco-2 cells.

Author information

Department of Geriatrics and Gastroenterology, Qi-Lu Hospital of Shandong University Key Laboratory of Proteomics of Shandong Province, Jinan Shandong, People's Republic of China.


Our study investigated the effects of the chemopreventive agent sulforaphane (SFN) on human colon cancer Caco-2 cells and potential underlying mechanisms of the effects. When treated with SFN at hypotoxic levels, UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A (UGT1A) was induced in a dose-dependent manner. SFN at 25 μM showed the highest UGT1A-induction activity, inducing UGT1A1, UGT1A8, and UGT1A10 mRNA expression, and increasing UGT-mediated N-hydroxy-PhIP glucuronidation. SFN- induced UGT1A expression may have resulted from Nrf2 nuclear translocation or activation. At higher concentrations, e.g. 75 μM, SFN caused G1/G2 cell cycle arrest and induced apoptosis possibly through reducing anti-apoptotic bcl-2 expression and increasing apoptosis-inducing bax expression in Caco-2 cells. Taken together, these results demonstrated the chemopreventive effects of SFN on human colon cancer Caco-2 cells may have been partly attributed to Nrf2-mediated UGT1A induction and apoptosis induction, and our studies provided theoretic and experimental basis for clinical application of SFN to human colon cancer prevention.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Airiti Press
Loading ...
Support Center