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Ophthalmology. 1990 Nov;97(11):1553-61.

Semiconductor diode laser photocoagulation in retinal vascular disease.

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Department of Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston 02114.


The authors successfully performed clinical transpupillary retinal photocoagulation in 30 eyes of 26 patients with retinal vascular disease using a gallium-aluminium-arsenide (GaAlAs) diode laser emitting at 805 nm. Retinal photocoagulation was performed at treatment powers of 300 to 1300 mW and exposure durations of 0.2 to 0.5 seconds with a 200-microns diameter treatment spot. Patients treated with both diode and argon green lasers required 4.5 +/- 1.8 times greater mean laser energy with diode compared with argon to create ophthalmoscopically similar lesions. Parallel experimental retinal photocoagulation in Chinchilla rabbits required 3.1 +/- 0.9 times more power to create ophthalmoscopically similar lesions with the diode laser than with the argon laser. Intraoperative subretinal hemorrhage occurred rarely in patients with an incidence of 4 (0.44%) of 9021 treatment spots. Patients complained of moderate-to-marked pain in 10 (43%) of 23 treatments initiated under topical anesthesia. A transpupillary diode laser may be used clinically to perform therapeutic retinal photocoagulation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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