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Sports Med Arthrosc. 2012 Jun;20(2):86-94. doi: 10.1097/JSA.0b013e31825186ca.

Meniscus root repair.

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1
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15206, USA. vyasdr@upmc.edu

Abstract

Root tears are a subset of meniscal injuries that result in significant knee joint pathology. Occurring on either the medial or lateral side, root tears are defined as radial tears or avulsions of the posterior horn attachment to bone. After a root tear, there is a significant increase in tibio-femoral contact pressure concomitant with altered knee joint kinematics. Previous cadaver studies from our institution have shown that root repair of the medial meniscus is successful in restoring joint biomechanics to within normal limits. Indications for operative management of meniscal root tears include (1) a symptomatic medial meniscus root tear with minimal arthritis and having failed non-operative treatment, and (2) a lateral root tear in associated with an ACL tear. In this review, we describe diagnosis, imaging, patient selection, and arthroscopic surgical technique of medial and lateral meniscus root injuries. In addition we highlight the pearls of repair technique, associated complications, post-operative rehabilitation regimen, and expected outcomes.

PMID:
22555205
DOI:
10.1097/JSA.0b013e31825186ca
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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