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Pediatr Transplant. 2012 Aug;16(5):458-64. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-3046.2012.01713.x. Epub 2012 May 4.

Graft rejection in pediatric liver transplant patients with Epstein-Barr viremia and post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease.

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Department of Pediatrics, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.


Treatment of primary EV and PTLD in pediatric LT recipients (pLT) involves IS reduction/cessation. Retrospective review of pLT at our institution from 2001-2009 was conducted to characterize risk factors for GR after EV/ PTLD. Of 184 pLT, EV occurred in 61 (33%) at mean 16.5 m (0-82) and PTLD in 18 (9.8%) at mean 17.7 m (3-78) post-LT. Median age at pLT was 11 m (1-245 m) and follow-up six yr. For EV, 86% underwent IS reduction and 51% received antivirals. GR occurred in 12 (27.9%) with EV and 15 (83.3%) after PTLD diagnosis (relative risk of GR for PTLD 2.98). GR treated with methylprednisolone bolus in half and/or oral IS in half. Following GR therapy, four had PTLD relapses, no graft loss and one EV patient required re-transplantation. GR history before EV was a risk factor for GR after EV (p = 0.024). GR at any point after pLT was a risk factor for PTLD (p = 0.001). Children with EV and GR prior to EV should be monitored closely for GR after IS reduction and GR is a significant risk factor for PTLD. Most children with PTLD eventually developed GR.

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