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Growth Horm IGF Res. 2012 Jun-Aug;22(3-4):108-15. doi: 10.1016/j.ghir.2012.04.001. Epub 2012 Apr 30.

Quantifying insulin receptor isoform expression in FFPE breast tumors.

Author information

1
Department of Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, United States.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The development of predictive biomarkers for IGF targeted anti-cancer therapeutics remains a critical unmet need. The insulin receptor A isoform (InsR-A) has been identified as a possible biomarker candidate but quantification of InsR-A in widely available formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissues is complicated by its similarities with the metabolic signaling insulin receptor isoform B (InsR-B). In the present study, qPCR based assays specific for InsR-A, InsR-B and IGF-1R were developed for use in FFPE tissues and tested for feasible use in clinical archived FFPE estrogen receptor (ER)+and ER- breast cancer tumors.

DESIGN:

FFPE compatible primer sets were designed with amplicon sizes of less than 60 base pairs and validated for target specificity, assay repeatability and amplification efficiency. FFPE tumors from ER+ (n=83) and ER-(n=64) primary untreated breast cancers, and ER+ hormone refractory (HR ER+) (n=61) breast cancers were identified for feasibility testing. The feasible use of InsR-A and InsR-B qPCRs were tested using all tumor groups and the feasibility of IGF-1R qPCR was determined using HR ER+ tumors.

RESULTS:

All qPCR assays were highly reproducible with amplification efficiencies between 96-104% over a 6 log range with limits of detection of 4 or 5 copies per reaction. Greater than 90% of samples were successfully amplified using InsR-A, InsR-B or IGF-1R qPCR primer sets and greater than 88% of samples tested amplified both InsR isoforms or both isoforms and IGF-1R. InsR-A was the predominant isoform in 82% ER+, 68% ER- and 100% HR ER+ breast cancer. Exploratory analyses demonstrated significantly more InsR-A expression in ER+ and HR ER+ groups compared to InsR-B (ER+ p<0.05, HR ER+ p<0.0005) and both groups had greater InsR-A expression when compared to ER- tumors (ER+ p<0.0005, HR ER+ p<0.05). IGF-1R expression of HR ER+ tumors was lower than InsR-A (p<0.0005) but higher than InsR-B (p<0.0005). The InsR-B expression of HR ER+ tumors was significantly reduced compared other tumor subgroups (ER+ and ER-, p<0.0005) and lead to a significant elevation of HR ER+ InsR-A: InsR-B ratios (ER+ and ER-, p<0.0005).

CONCLUSIONS:

The validated, highly sensitive InsR-A and InsR-B qPCR based assays presented here are the first to demonstrate the feasible amplification of InsR isoforms in FFPE tissues. Quantification data generated from this feasibility study indicating InsR-A is more predominant than InsR-B in breast cancer support the use of these assays for further investigation of InsR-A and InsR-B as predictive biomarkers for IGF targeted therapeutics.

PMID:
22551578
PMCID:
PMC3392524
DOI:
10.1016/j.ghir.2012.04.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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