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Blood. 2012 Jun 14;119(24):e161-71. doi: 10.1182/blood-2012-01-402453. Epub 2012 May 1.

Dynamic epigenetic enhancer signatures reveal key transcription factors associated with monocytic differentiation states.

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Department of Hematology, University Hospital Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.


Cellular differentiation is orchestrated by lineage-specific transcription factors and associated with cell type-specific epigenetic signatures. In the present study, we used stage-specific, epigenetic "fingerprints" to deduce key transcriptional regulators of the human monocytic differentiation process. We globally mapped the distribution of epigenetic enhancer marks (histone H3 lysine 4 monomethylation, histone H3 lysine 27 acetylation, and the histone variant H2AZ), describe general properties of marked regions, and show that cell type-specific epigenetic "fingerprints" are correlated with specific, de novo-derived motif signatures at all of the differentiation stages studied (ie, hematopoietic stem cells, monocytes, and macrophages). We validated the novel, de novo-derived, macrophage-specific enhancer signature, which included ETS, CEBP, bZIP, EGR, E-Box and NF-κB motifs, by ChIP sequencing for a subset of motif corresponding transcription factors (PU.1, C/EBPβ, and EGR2), confirming their association with differentiation-associated epigenetic changes. We describe herein the dynamic enhancer landscape of human macrophage differentiation, highlight the power of genome-wide epigenetic profiling studies to reveal novel functional insights, and provide a unique resource for macrophage biologists.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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