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J Mol Biol. 1990 Nov 20;216(2):213-8.

Skip residues correlate with bends in the myosin tail.

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Muscle Biology Department, AFRC Institute of Food Research--Bristol Laboratory, Langford, U.K.


Sharp bends have previously been observed in the tail of the skeletal myosin molecule at well-defined positions 44, 75 and 135 nm from the head-tail junction, and in vertebrate smooth myosin at two positions about 45 and 96 nm from this junction. The amino acid sequence of the heavy chain does not straightforwardly account for such bending on the original model of the tail in which an invariant proline residue is present at the head-tail junction and the repeating seven amino acid pattern of hydrophobic residues lies entirely in the tail. Recently, a revised model has been proposed by Rimm et al. in which the first seven to eight heptads lie in the heads. It is shown here that with this model the observed bends in the tail of skeletal myosin coincide with three of the four additional (skip) residues that interrupt the heptad repeat. It is concluded that the skip residues, by causing localized instability of the coiled-coil, are responsible for the bends. Smooth myosin lacks the second of these skip residues explaining the absence of a bend at 75 nm.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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