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Am J Health Promot. 2012 May-Jun;26(5):281-8. doi: 10.4278/ajhp.100722-QUAN-249.

Associated pathways between neighborhood environment, community resource factors, and leisure-time physical activity among Mexican-American adults in San Diego, California.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA. smmartin@ucsd.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To examine pathways between individual, social, and environmental factors associated with leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) among Mexican-American adults.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional design using random-digit dialing to administer a structured telephone interview.

SETTING:

Mexican-American adults living in a U.S.-Mexican border community in San Diego, California (N = 672).

MEASURES:

Data were collected on LTPA, demographic characteristics, acculturation, and other psychosocial and environmental factors associated with LTPA.

ANALYSIS:

Structural equation modeling to test an a priori model of LTPA.

RESULTS:

Participants were mostly female (71%) with a mean age of 39 years (SD = 13). Only 32% of participants met PA guidelines in their leisure time, with men (39%) meeting the guidelines more than women (29%). Using structural equation modeling, neighborhood factors, both social and environmental, showed indirect relationships with meeting PA guidelines through community resource factors. Significant covariates included marital status and age.

CONCLUSION:

Individual, social, and environmental factors were associated with LTPA in this sample of Mexican-American adults. These findings can inform intervention studies that aim to increase LTPA in this population.

PMID:
22548422
PMCID:
PMC3904444
DOI:
10.4278/ajhp.100722-QUAN-249
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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