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J Biomed Inform. 2012 Oct;45(5):870-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jbi.2012.04.005. Epub 2012 Apr 24.

Systematic identification of pharmacogenomics information from clinical trials.

Author information

1
National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20894, USA.

Abstract

Recent progress in high-throughput genomic technologies has shifted pharmacogenomic research from candidate gene pharmacogenetics to clinical pharmacogenomics (PGx). Many clinical related questions may be asked such as 'what drug should be prescribed for a patient with mutant alleles?' Typically, answers to such questions can be found in publications mentioning the relationships of the gene-drug-disease of interest. In this work, we hypothesize that ClinicalTrials.gov is a comparable source rich in PGx related information. In this regard, we developed a systematic approach to automatically identify PGx relationships between genes, drugs and diseases from trial records in ClinicalTrials.gov. In our evaluation, we found that our extracted relationships overlap significantly with the curated factual knowledge through the literature in a PGx database and that most relationships appear on average 5 years earlier in clinical trials than in their corresponding publications, suggesting that clinical trials may be valuable for both validating known and capturing new PGx related information in a more timely manner. Furthermore, two human reviewers judged a portion of computer-generated relationships and found an overall accuracy of 74% for our text-mining approach. This work has practical implications in enriching our existing knowledge on PGx gene-drug-disease relationships as well as suggesting crosslinks between ClinicalTrials.gov and other PGx knowledge bases.

PMID:
22546622
PMCID:
PMC3760158
DOI:
10.1016/j.jbi.2012.04.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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