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Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2012 Aug;163(2):129-33. doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2012.04.003. Epub 2012 Apr 28.

Sexuality, pre-conception counseling and urological management of pregnancy for young women with spina bifida.

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Telefono Rosso, Teratology Information Service, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Sacro Cuore Catholic University, Rome, Italy.


A great number of newborns with spina bifida now survive with a growing life expectancy. Support with regard to sexual issues is essential in the management of adolescents with spina bifida, who require specific knowledge of sexual problems related to their disability. Women with spina bifida are usually fertile and need pre-conception counseling. Furthermore, compared to healthy women they have a higher chance of conceiving a child with spina bifida, so they are treated with periconceptional folic acid supplements. In addition pregnancies in women with spina bifida require adequate management of secondary conditions, mainly urological issues, which are exacerbated during pregnancy. This article gives an overview of sexual education, sex functioning and sexual activity among adolescents with spina bifida. Moreover, we aim to support young women with spina bifida, providing pre-conception counseling and practical guidelines essential for the urological management of their pregnancy.

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