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Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2012 Aug 1;83(5):e639-45. doi: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2012.02.057. Epub 2012 Apr 28.

Thermochemoradiation therapy using superselective intra-arterial infusion via superficial temporal and occipital arteries for oral cancer with N3 cervical lymph node metastases.

Author information

1
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, Yokohama, Japan. mitsudo@yokohama-cu.ac.jp

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To evaluate the therapeutic results and histopathological effects of treatment with thermochemoradiation therapy using superselective intra-arterial infusion via the superficial temporal and occipital arteries for N3 cervical lymph node metastases of advanced oral cancer.

METHODS AND MATERIALS:

Between April 2005 and September 2010, 9 patients with N3 cervical lymph node metastases of oral squamous cell carcinoma underwent thermochemoradiation therapy using superselective intra-arterial infusion with docetaxel (DOC) and cisplatin (CDDP). Treatment consisted of hyperthermia (2-8 sessions), superselective intra-arterial infusions (DOC, total 40-60 mg/m(2); CDDP, total 100-150 mg/m(2)) and daily concurrent radiation therapy (total, 40-60 Gy) for 4-6 weeks.

RESULTS:

Six of 9 patients underwent neck dissection 5-8 weeks after treatment. In four of these 6 patients, all metastatic lymph nodes, including those at N3, were grade 3 (non-viable tumor cells present) or grade 4 (no tumor cells present) tumors, as classified by the system by Shimosato et al (Shimosato et al Jpn J Clin Oncol 1971;1:19-35). In 2 of these 6 patients, the metastatic lymph nodes were grade 2b (destruction of tumor structures with a small amount of residual viable tumor cells). The other 3 patients did not undergo neck dissection due to distant metastasis after completion of thermochemoradiation therapy (n=2) and refusal (n=1). The patient who refused neck dissection underwent biopsy of the N3 lymph node and primary sites and showed grade 3 cancer. During follow-up, 5 patients were alive without disease, and 4 patients died due to pulmonary metastasis (n=3) and noncancer-related causes (n=1). Five-year survival and locoregional control rates were 51% and 88%, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

Thermochemoradiation therapy using intra-arterial infusion provided good histopathologic effects and locoregional control rates in patients with N3 metastatic lymph nodes. However, patients with N3 metastatic lymph nodes experienced a high rate of distant metastases.

PMID:
22543212
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijrobp.2012.02.057
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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