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Psychiatry Res. 2012 Oct 30;199(3):181-7. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2012.03.051. Epub 2012 Apr 28.

Loudness dependence of auditory evoked potentials in patients with borderline personality disorder--impact of psychopathology.

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1
Department of Psychiatry, Ludwig-Maximilian-University of Munich, Germany.

Abstract

Alterations of the central serotonergic system are considered to be involved in the pathophysiology of borderline personality disorder (BPD). The loudness dependence of the N1/P2 component of auditory evoked potentials (LD) has been shown to indirectly reflect central serotonergic activity. The aim of this study was to investigate LD in patients with BPD compared to healthy controls, and to evaluate the association between LD and psychopathology such as anxiety, anger or impulsiveness. Female patients with BPD were included and compared to age- and sex-matched healthy subjects. Self-rating instruments, such as the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI), and the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS) were used to assess clinical scores of anxiety, anger, and impulsiveness. Evoked potentials were recorded following the application of acoustic stimuli with increasing intensities; the LD was analysed using dipole source analysis. The mean LD was significantly higher in patients with BPD compared to controls. In the entire sample there were significant positive correlations of LD with state anxiety scores and STAXI subscores. The data contribute to the knowledge of neurophysiological alterations in patients with BPD, supporting the hypothesis of serotonergic dysregulation in the pathophysiology of the disorder. The significant clinical correlations suggest monoaminergic modulations of psychopathology on the symptom level.

PMID:
22542953
DOI:
10.1016/j.psychres.2012.03.051
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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