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Nanomedicine. 2013 Jan;9(1):122-9. doi: 10.1016/j.nano.2012.03.008. Epub 2012 Apr 26.

Human serum albumin-coated lipid nanoparticles for delivery of siRNA to breast cancer.

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Division of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.


Human serum albumin (HSA)-coated lipid nanoparticles (HSA-LNPs) loaded with phrGFP-targeted siRNA (HSA-LNPs-siRNA) were prepared and evaluated for gene downregulation effect in phrGFP-transfected breast cancer cells and the corresponding xenograft tumor model. HSA-LNPs-siRNA were successfully prepared with a particle size of 79.5±5.5 nm. In phrGFP-transfected MCF-7 cells, HSA-LNPs-siRNA significantly decreased cell fluorescence even in the presence of fetal bovine serum (FBS). Moreover, cell fluorescence and phrGFP mRNA expression were significantly downregulated by HSA-LNPs-siRNA in phrGFP-transfected MCF-7, MDA-MB-231, and SK-BR-3 cells in comparison with control or HSA-LNPs-siRNA (scrambled). In phrGFP-transfected MCF-7 xenograft tumor model, tumor fluorescence was significantly decreased after three IV administrations of HSA-LNPs-siRNA at a dose of 3 mg/kg in comparison with siRNA alone. HSA-LNPs-siRNA demonstrated a superior pharmacokinetic profile in comparison with siRNA at a dose of 1mg/kg. These results show that the novel nonviral carrier, HSA-LNPs, may be used for the delivery of siRNA to breast cancer cells.


Targeted delivery of siRNA to cancer cells may be a viable anti-cancer strategy with low toxicity. In this study the novel nonviral carrier, human serum albumin-coated lipid nanoparticles (HSA-LNP) were demonstrated as an efficient delivery agent of siRNA to breast cancer cells.

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