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Ann Thorac Surg. 2012 May;93(5):1483-8. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2012.01.071.

Sutureless perceval aortic valve replacement: results of two European centers.

Author information

1
Institut Mutualiste Montsouris, Paris, France. thierry.folliguet@imm.fr

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The Perceval S bioprosthesis (Sorin Biomedica Cardio Srl, Sallugia, Italy) is a self-expanding valve designed to preserve aortic sinuses and sinotubular junction. We report the midterm results of a prospective, multicenter clinical study evaluating the safety and efficacy of this stented bioprosthesis in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement with or without concomitant procedures.

METHODS:

From January 2007 to September 2011, a total of 208 high-risk patients (mean European system for cardiac operative risk evaluation: 8.7±5.3 years) received a Perceval bioprosthesis in 2 European centers. Median follow up was 10±20 months and 100% complete, and the total accumulated follow-up was 156 patient-years. Ten patients have reached a 4-year follow-up. Valve function was assessed in all patients.

RESULTS:

Valve implantation resulted in significant improvement of patients' symptoms. Mean preoperative and postoperative gradients were 48.6±18.6 mm Hg and 10.4±4.3 mm Hg, respectively, and preoperative and postoperative mean effective orifice areas were 0.7±0.2 and 1.4±0.4 cm2. Survival at 12 months was 87.1%, success of implantation was 95%, and freedom from reoperation was 96%. In hospital mortality was 2.4%. During follow-up, 9 patients (4%) required reoperation for paravalvular regurgitation; 7 early and 2 late reoperations. Mean cross-clamp time (CCT) and extracorporeal circulation time (ECT) were, respectively, 33±14 minutes and 54±24 minutes, including 45 patients who underwent surgery through ministernotomy. Concomitant coronary bypass was done in 48 patients with mean CCT 43±13 and ECT 68±25 minutes.

CONCLUSIONS:

Perceval sutureless is a safe bioprosthesis that can easily be implanted, including by a minimally invasive technique. It provides excellent hemodynamic with significant clinical improvement. Overall, these data confirm the safety and utility of the Perceval bioprosthesis aortic valve replacement for high-risk patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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