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Vet Microbiol. 2012 Sep 14;159(1-2):187-94. doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2012.03.038. Epub 2012 Apr 6.

Immunoproteomic analyses of outer membrane antigens of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae grown under iron-restricted conditions.

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Department of Microbiology and Immunology, McGill University, 3775 University Street, Montreal, QC, Canada.


Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, a bacterial pathogen of swine and agent of porcine pneumonia, causes a highly infectious disease of economic importance in the pig industry. Commercial vaccines for A. pleuropneumoniae include whole-cell bacterins and second generation subunit vaccines but they only confer partial protective immunity. Our search for new vaccine candidates identified antigens that are expressed during conditions that mimic infection; the outer membrane (OM) proteome of A. pleuropneumoniae serotype 5b was examined under iron restriction. Quantitative profiling by 2D-DiGE technology revealed that iron restriction induced expression of previously described transferrin binding proteins (TbpA, TbpB) plus four lipoproteins including spermidine/putrescine binding periplasmic protein 1 precursor (PotD2). Immunoproteomic analyses with antisera from naïve animals and from infected pigs were able to differentiate antigens within the OM proteome that were specifically recognized during A. pleuropneumoniae infection. Immunoblots of iron-restricted profiles detected PotD2, heme-binding protein A (HbpA), and capsule polysaccharide export protein (CpxD) as well as surface antigens TbpA, TbpB, and OmlA. These data identify OM proteins that demonstrate immunogenicity and upregulation under conditions mimicking infection, providing emphasis on lipoproteins as an important class of antigens to exploit for vaccine development for A. pleuropneumoniae.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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