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Liver Int. 2012 Aug;32(7):1103-11. doi: 10.1111/j.1478-3231.2012.02812.x. Epub 2012 Apr 30.

β-2 spectrin is involved in hepatocyte proliferation through the interaction of TGFβ/Smad and PI3K/AKT signalling.

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Department of Gastroenterology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.



Transforming growth factor (TGF) β signalling pathway plays a crucial role in liver regeneration following partial hepatectomy in mice. Evidence demonstrated that β-2 Spectrin is involved in TGFβ/Smad signalling pathway as a Smad3/4 adaptor protein.


The aim of this study was to explore the role of β-2 Spectrin in hepatocyte proliferation.


β-2 Spectrin expression was evaluated in mice receiving partial hepatectomy. The effect of siRNA against β-2 Spectrin on hepatocyte proliferation was determined. The interaction between TGFβ/Smad and PI3K/Akt signalling was investigated.


Hepatic β-2 Spectrin decreased dramatically 2 days after 70% hepatectomy in mice. In AML-12 cells, hepatocyte proliferation was inhibited after the stimulation of TGF β1 and a reduction in β-2 Spectrin mediated by siRNA resulted in increase in proliferative response. Confocal results revealed that β-2 Spectrin represented a key regulator in TGFβ/Smad signalling through controlling Smad3/4 subcellular localization. Moreover, Alternation of Akt phosphorylation led to the change in subcellular localization of Smad2, 3, 4 and β-2 Spectrin, A reduction in Smad2, 3 and 4 mediated by siRNA resulted in the induction of pAkt expression.


These findings reveal that β-2 Spectrin plays a crucial role in hepatocyte proliferation, which contributes to liver regeneration following hepatectomy in mice. In addition, PI3K/Akt is involved in TGFβ/Smad signalling pathway through the interaction with Smad proteins and β-2 Spectrin.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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