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Phys Rev Lett. 2012 Mar 23;108(12):126406. Epub 2012 Mar 22.

Phases of the infinite U Hubbard model on square lattices.

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1
Department of Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA.

Abstract

We apply the density matrix renormalization group to study the phase diagram of the infinite U Hubbard model on 2- to 6-leg ladders. Where the results are largely insensitive to the ladder width, we consider the results representative of the 2D square lattice. We find a fully polarized ferromagnetic Fermi liquid phase when n, the density of electrons per site, is in the range 1>n≳0.800. For n=3/4 we find an unexpected insulating checkerboard phase with coexisting bond-density order with 4 sites per unit cell and block-spin antiferromagnetic order with 8 sites per unit cell. For 3/4>n, all ladders with width >2 have unpolarized ground states.

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