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Phys Rev Lett. 2012 Mar 16;108(11):112003. Epub 2012 Mar 16.

Spin-parity analysis of pp¯ mass threshold structure in J/ψ and ψ(3686) radiative decays.

Ablikim M1, Achasov MN, Alberto D, Ambrose DJ, An FF, An Q, An ZH, Bai JZ, Baldini Ferroli RB, Ban Y, Becker J, Berger N, Bertani MB, Bian JM, Boger E, Bondarenko O, Boyko I, Briere RA, Bytev V, Cai X, Calcaterra AC, Cao GF, Chang JF, Chelkov G, Chen G, Chen HS, Chen JC, Chen ML, Chen SJ, Chen Y, Chen YB, Cheng HP, Chu YP, Cronin-Hennessy D, Dai HL, Dai JP, Dedovich D, Deng ZY, Denysenko I, Destefanis M, Ding Ding WL, Ding Y, Dong LY, Dong MY, Du SX, Fang J, Fang SS, Feng CQ, Fu CD, Fu JL, Gao Y, Geng C, Goetzen K, Gong WX, Greco M, Gu MH, Gu YT, Guan YH, Guo AQ, Guo LB, Guo YP, Han YL, Hao XQ, Harris FA, He KL, He M, He ZY, Heng YK, Hou ZL, Hu HM, Hu JF, Hu T, Huang B, Huang GM, Huang JS, Huang XT, Huang YP, Hussain T, Ji CS, Ji Q, Ji XB, Ji XL, Jia LK, Jiang LL, Jiang XS, Jiao JB, Jiao Z, Jin DP, Jin S, Jing FF, Kalantar-Nayestanaki N, Kavatsyuk M, Kuehn W, Lai W, Lange JS, Leung JK, Li CH, Li C, Li C, Li DM, Li F, Li G, Li HB, Li JC, Li K, Li L, Li NB, Li QJ, Li SL, Li WD, Li WG, Li XL, Li XN, Li XQ, Li XR, Li ZB, Liang H, Liang YF, Liang YT, Liao GR, Liao XT, Liu BJ, Liu CL, Liu CX, Liu CY, Liu FH, Liu F, Liu F, Liu H, Liu HB, Liu HH, Liu HM, Liu HW, Liu JP, Liu K, Liu K, Liu KY, Liu Q, Liu SB, Liu X, Liu XH, Liu YB, Liu Y, Liu ZA, Liu Z, Liu Z, Loehner H, Lu GR, Lu HJ, Lu JG, Lu QW, Lu XR, Lu YP, Luo CL, Luo MX, Luo T, Luo XL, Lv M, Ma CL, Ma FC, Ma HL, Ma QM, Ma S, Ma T, Ma XY, Maggiora M, Malik QA, Mao H, Mao YJ, Mao ZP, Messchendorp JG, Min J, Min TJ, Mitchell RE, Mo XH, Muchnoi NY, Nefedov Y, Nikolaev IB, Ning Z, Olsen SL, Ouyang Q, Pacetti SP, Park JW, Pelizaeus M, Peters K, Ping JL, Ping RG, Poling R, Pun CS, Qi M, Qian S, Qiao CF, Qin XS, Qiu JF, Rashid KH, Rong G, Ruan XD, Sarantsev A, Schulze J, Shao M, Shen CP, Shen XY, Sheng HY, Shepherd MR, Song XY, Spataro S, Spruck B, Sun DH, Sun GX, Sun JF, Sun SS, Sun XD, Sun YJ, Sun YZ, Sun ZJ, Sun ZT, Tang CJ, Tang X, Thorndike EH, Tian HL, Toth D, Varner GS, Wang B, Wang BQ, Wang K, Wang LL, Wang LS, Wang M, Wang P, Wang PL, Wang Q, Wang QJ, Wang SG, Wang XF, Wang XL, Wang YD, Wang YF, Wang YQ, Wang Z, Wang ZG, Wang ZY, Wei DH, Wen QG, Wen SP, Wiedner U, Wu LH, Wu N, Wu W, Wu Z, Xiao ZJ, Xie YG, Xiu QL, Xu GF, Xu GM, Xu H, Xu QJ, Xu XP, Xu Y, Xu ZR, Xue Z, Yan L, Yan WB, Yan YH, Yang HX, Yang T, Yang Y, Yang YX, Ye H, Ye M, Ye MH, Yu BX, Yu CX, Yu SP, Yuan CZ, Yuan WL, Yuan Y, Zafar AA, Zallo AZ, Zeng Y, Zhang BX, Zhang BY, Zhang CC, Zhang DH, Zhang HH, Zhang HY, Zhang J, Zhang JQ, Zhang JW, Zhang JY, Zhang JZ, Zhang L, Zhang SH, Zhang TR, Zhang XJ, Zhang XY, Zhang Y, Zhang YH, Zhang YS, Zhang ZP, Zhang ZY, Zhao G, Zhao HS, Zhao J, Zhao L, Zhao L, Zhao MG, Zhao Q, Zhao SJ, Zhao TC, Zhao XH, Zhao YB, Zhao ZG, Zhemchugov A, Zheng B, Zheng JP, Zheng YH, Zheng ZP, Zhong B, Zhong J, Zhou L, Zhou XK, Zhou XR, Zhu C, Zhu K, Zhu KJ, Zhu SH, Zhu XL, Zhu XW, Zhu YS, Zhu ZA, Zhuang J, Zou BS, Zou JH, Zuo JX; BESIII Collaboration.

Author information

Institute of High Energy Physics, Beijing 100049, People's Republic of China.


A partial wave analysis of the pp¯ mass-threshold enhancement in the reaction J/ψ→γpp¯ is used to determine its J(PC) quantum numbers to be 0(-+), its peak mass to be below threshold at M=1832(-5)(+19)(stat)(-17)(+18)(syst)±19(model) MeV/c(2), and its total width to be Γ<76 MeV/c(2) at the 90% C.L. The product of branching ratios is measured to be BR[J/ψ→γX(pp¯)]BR[X(pp¯)→pp¯]=[9.0(-1.1)(+0.4)(stat)(-5.0)(+1.5)(syst)±2.3(model)]×10(-5). A similar analysis performed on ψ(3686)→γpp¯ decays shows, for the first time, the presence of a corresponding enhancement with a production rate relative to that for J/ψ decays of R=[5.08(-0.45)(+0.71)(stat)(-3.58)(+0.67)(syst)±0.12(model)]%.

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