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Mar Biotechnol (NY). 2013 Feb;15(1):16-25. doi: 10.1007/s10126-012-9453-4. Epub 2012 Apr 27.

Three EST-SSR markers associated with QTL for the growth of the clam Meretrix meretrix revealed by selective genotyping.

Author information

1
Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China.

Abstract

The clam Meretrix meretrix is a member of widely cultured, commercially important clams. A marker-trait association analysis was performed using expressed sequence tag (EST) simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers for marker-assisted selection in M. meretrix. Three markers, MM1272, MM2034, and MM7721, were found to be significantly associated with quantitative trait loci (QTLs) controlling shell length (P < 0.0001) in clams of a fast-growing population (JSF) and a control population (JSC). The 144-bp allele of MM1272, the 154-bp allele of MM2034, and the 152- and 165-bp alleles of MM7721 showed a significantly higher frequency in the JSF population (17.65, 36.41, 28.67, and 29.33 %) than in the JSC population (4.65, 8.33, 3.47, and 5.56 %). The three markers showed lower values for the number of alleles and observed heterozygosity as well as a higher proportion of homozygotes in JSF than in JSC population. The three markers have been further confirmed in the high and low tails of another population (09G₃SPSB); similarly, lower values for the number of alleles and observed heterozygosity as well as a higher proportion of homozygotes were found in 09G₃SPSB(H). The putative functions of the three gene fragments containing MM1272, MM2034, and MM7721 also suggested that the three SSR-containing genes might be involved in growth of M. meretrix. All the results suggest that the three EST-SSR markers associated with growth QTLs would be useful for marker-assisted selection in M. meretrix breeding.

PMID:
22538932
DOI:
10.1007/s10126-012-9453-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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