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Food Chem Toxicol. 2012 Aug;50(8):2805-10. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2012.04.015. Epub 2012 Apr 17.

Effect of a special carbohydrate-protein cake on oxidative stress markers after exhaustive cycling in humans.

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Department of Biochemistry-Biotechnology, University of Thessaly, Larisa 41221, Greece.


Exercise has been associated with oxidative stress that is correlated with muscle fatigue and reduced exercise performance. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of a special cake (consisting of carbohydrate to whey protein 3.5:1) vs an isocaloric carbohydrate cake on biomarkers of oxidative stress in 9 males after exhaustive cycling. A randomized single-blind cross-over study was completed. They performed one trial involving a 2-h exercise on a cycle ergometer at 60-65% VO(2)max followed by a 4-h recovery and then a second trial involved an 1-h exercise at 60-65% VO(2)max which was increased at 95% VO(2)max (time trial). The subjects received 4 experimental or placebo cakes after the first trial (the first immediately after and then one every hour). Blood samples were collected at eight time intervals: pre-exercise, 30 min, 1.5 h and 4 h post-exercise, post time Trial, 1 h, 24 h and 48 h post time Trial. Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances (TBARS), protein carbonyls, total antioxidant capacity (TAC), catalase and glutathione (GSH) were determined spectrophotometrically. The mean time to exhaustion did not differ upon cake consumption. Consumption of the special cake reduced TBARS significantly, but had no effect on other oxidative stress markers.

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