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Food Chem Toxicol. 2012 Jul;50(7):2547-53. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2012.04.017. Epub 2012 Apr 17.

Phloridzin reduces blood glucose levels and alters hepatic gene expression in normal BALB/c mice.

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National Food Research Institute, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8642, Japan.


We previously showed that a diet containing phloridzin suppressed the blood glucose levels in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice most likely by inhibiting glucose absorption from the small intestine. In this study, we showed that 0.5% and 1% phloridzin diets significantly reduce the blood glucose levels in healthy normal BALB/c mice after 7 days of feeding. The 0.1% phloridzin diet did not suppress blood glucose levels but induced the alteration of the hepatic gene expressions related to carbohydrate and fatty acid metabolism in mice after 14 days. Ingenuity Pathway Analysis showed that 0.5% and 1% phloridzin diets suppressed the hepatic gene expressions related to the citrate cycle, gluconeogenesis, fatty acid metabolism, and valine, leucine, and isoleucine degradation in mice when compared with mice fed a control diet after 14 days. Thus the diet containing phloridzin reduces the blood glucose levels and the hepatic gene expressions associated with some metabolic functions in mice.

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