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Chang Gung Med J. 2012 Mar-Apr;35(2):178-91.

Surgical resection of centrally located large hepatocellular carcinoma.

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Division of Transplantation and Liver Surgery, Department of General Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan.



Centrally located large hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a difficult issue in surgery. These HCCs can be treated by hemi-/extended or central hepatectomies. The aim of this study was to analyze the results of hemi-/extended and central hepatectomies.


One hundred and four patients with centrally-located large tumors were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into group 1 (n = 41) with hemi-/extended hepatectomies, and group 2 (n = 63) with central hepatectomies. Characteristics were analyzed between groups and survival rates were calculated.


Parenchyma resection was limited in group 2. The resection margin in 92.6% of group 2 patients was < 1 cm, compared with 78.9% of group 1 patients (p = 0.056). The 1- and 5-year disease-free survival rates were 50% and 38.9% for group 1, and 50% and 15% for group 2 (p = 0.279). The 1-, 5-year overall survival rates were 89.5% and 66.2% for group 1 and 87.5% and 53.1% for group 2 (p = 0.786). Cirrhosis, the preoperative aspartate aminotransferase (AST) level and lower resected liver weight were independent factors impairing survival.


Hemi-/extended and central hepatectomies have comparable complication rates and long-term survival rates for patients with centrally located large HCC. Cirrhosis, the AST level and resected liver weight were independent factors determining long-term survival.

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