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Eur J Biochem. 1990 Nov 26;194(1):237-41.

ADP-ribosylation of actin isoforms by Clostridium botulinum C2 toxin and Clostridium perfringens iota toxin.

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1
Rudolf-Buchheim-Institut für Pharmakologie, Giessen, Federal Republic of Germany.

Abstract

The substrate specificities of the actin-ADP-ribosylating toxins, Clostridium botulinum C2 toxin and Clostridium perfringens iota toxin were studied by using five different preparations of actin isoforms: alpha-skeletal muscle actin, alpha-cardiac muscle actin, gizzard gamma-smooth muscle actin, spleen beta- and gamma-cytoplasmic actin, and aortic smooth muscle actin containing alpha- and gamma-smooth muscle actin isoforms. C. perfringens iota toxin ADP-ribosylated all actin isoforms tested, whereas C. botulinum C2 toxin did not modify alpha-skeletal muscle actin or alpha-cardiac muscle actin. Spleen beta/gamma-cytoplasmic actin and gizzard gamma-smooth muscle actin were substrates of C. botulinum C2 toxin. In the aortic smooth muscle actin preparation, gamma-smooth muscle actin but not alpha-smooth muscle actin was ADP-ribosylated by C. botulinum C2 toxin. The data indicate that, in contrast to C. perfringens iota toxin, C. botulinum C2 toxin ADP-ribosylates only beta/gamma-cytoplasmic and gamma-smooth muscle actin and suggest that the N-terminal region of actin isoforms define the substrate specificity for ADP-ribosylation by C. botulinum C2 toxin.

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