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ScientificWorldJournal. 2012;2012:253127. doi: 10.1100/2012/253127. Epub 2012 Mar 12.

Endoparasite infections in pet and zoo birds in Italy.

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1
Dipartimento di Patologia Animale, Profilassi e Igiene degli Alimenti, University of Pisa, Viale delle Piagge 2, 56124 Pisa, Italy. rpapini@vet.unipi.it

Abstract

Faecal samples were individually collected from pet (n = 63) and zoo (n = 83) birds representing 14 orders and 63 species. All the samples were examined by faecal flotation technique. In a subgroup of samples (n = 75), molecular assays were also used to detect Cryptosporidium oocysts and Giardia duodenalis cysts. Overall, 35.6% of the birds harboured parasites (42.2% of zoo birds and 27% of pet birds), including Strongyles-Capillarids (8.9%), Ascaridia (6.8%), Strongyles (5.5%), G. duodenalis Assemblage A (5.3%), Coccidia (4.1%), Cryptosporidium (4%), Porrocaecum (2.7%), Porrocaecum-Capillarids (2%), and Syngamus-Capillarids (0.7%). The zoonotic G. duodenalis Assemblage A and Cryptosporidium were exclusively found in Psittaciformes, with prevalences of 10.3% and 7.7% within this bird group. Zoo birds were more likely to harbor mixed infections (OR = 14.81) and symptomatic birds to be parasitized (OR = 4.72). Clinicians should be aware of the public health implications posed by zoonotic G. duodenalis Assemblages and Cryptosporidium species in captive birds.

PMID:
22536128
PMCID:
PMC3317575
DOI:
10.1100/2012/253127
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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