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Lung Cancer. 2012 Aug;77(2):401-6. doi: 10.1016/j.lungcan.2012.03.027. Epub 2012 Apr 24.

Reduced expression of cyclin D2 is associated with poor recurrence-free survival independent of cyclin D1 in stage III non-small cell lung cancer.

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1
Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Suwon 440-746, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Compared to well-known function of cyclin D1 in lung cancer, the role of cyclin D2 is not clear. This study was aimed at understanding the clinicopathological significance of cyclin D2 in primary non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

METHODS:

We retrospectively analyzed expression statuses of cyclin D1, cyclin D2, p16, p21, p27, Ki-67, and phospho-pRb (Ser-807/811) using immunohistochemistry in 626 NSCLCs.

RESULTS:

Cyclin D2 was expressed in normal lung tissue, and its expression was reduced in 170 (27%) of 626 NSCLCs with a median duration of follow-up of 64 months. Mean phospho-pRb (Ser-807/811) levels were not associated with expression levels of cyclin D2 (P=0.15). The relationship between recurrence and the reduced expression of cyclin D2 was not homogenous by stage (Breslow-Day test for homogeneity, P=0.04). Reduced expression of cyclin D2 was not associated with patient's prognosis in 370 stage I, 112 stage II, and 18 stage IV NSCLCs. However, for 126 stage III NSCLCs, reduced expression of cyclin D2 was adversely associated with recurrence-free survival (RFS) (hazard ratio [HR]=3.71, 95% CI=1.54-13.17; P=0.01), independent of histology and expression of cyclin D1. The reduced expression of cyclin D2 was not associated with the overexpression of cyclin D1 (P=0.65).

CONCLUSION:

The present study suggests that reduced expression of cyclin D2 in stage III NSCLC may be associated with poor RFS. And, cyclin D2 may have a distinct role from cyclin D1 in NSCLC.

PMID:
22534667
DOI:
10.1016/j.lungcan.2012.03.027
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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