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J Chromatogr A. 2012 Jun 1;1240:132-9. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2012.03.091. Epub 2012 Apr 5.

Development and comparison of three liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization/mass spectrometry methods for determining vitamin D metabolites in human serum.

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  • 1National Institute of Standards and Technology, Analytical Chemistry Division, Gaithersburg, MD 20899, USA.


Liquid chromatographic methods with atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry were developed for the determination of the vitamin D metabolites 25-hydroxyvitamin D₂ (25(OH)D₂), 25-hydroxyvitamin D₃ (25(OH)D₃), and 3-epi-25-hydroxyvitamin-D₃ (3-epi-25(OH)D₃) in the four Levels of SRM 972, Vitamin D in Human Serum. One method utilized a C18 column, which separates 25(OH)D₂ and 25(OH)D₃, and one method utilized a CN column that also resolves the diastereomers 25(OH)D₃ and 3-epi-25(OH)D₃. Both methods utilized stable isotope labeled internal standards for quantitation of 25(OH)D₂ and 25(OH)D₃. These methods were subsequently used to evaluate SRM 909c Human Serum, and 25(OH)D₃ was the only vitamin D metabolite detected in this material. However, SRM 909c samples contained matrix peaks that interfered with the determination of the [²H₆]-25(OH)D₃ peak area. The chromatographic conditions for the C18 column were modified to remove this interference, but conditions that separated the matrix peaks from [²H₆]-25(OH)D₃ on the CN column could not be identified. The alternate internal standard [²H₃]-25(OH)D₃ did not suffer from matrix interferences and was used for quantitation of 25(OH)D₃ in SRM 909c. During the evaluation of SRM 909c samples, a third method was developed using a pentafluorophenylpropyl column that also separates the diastereomers 25(OH)D₃ and 3-epi-25(OH)D₃. The 25(OH)D₃ was measured in SRM 909c using all three methods, and the results were compared.

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