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Dig Endosc. 2012 May;24 Suppl 1:17-21. doi: 10.1111/j.1443-1661.2012.01250.x.

Endoscopic treatment for biliary stricture secondary to chronic pancreatitis.

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  • 1Department of Gastroenterology, Sendai City Medical Center, Sendai, Japan. keiito@openhp.or.jp

Abstract

The causes of benign biliary stricture include chronic pancreatitis, primary/immunoglobulin G4-related sclerosing cholangitis and complications of surgical procedures. Biliary stricture due to fibrosis as a result of inflammation is sometimes encountered in patients with chronic pancreatitis. Frey's procedure, which can provide pancreatic duct drainage with decompression of biliary stricture, can be an initial treatment for chronic pancreatitis with pancreatic and bile duct strictures with upstream dilation. When patients are high-risk surgical candidates or hesitate to undergo surgery, endoscopic treatment appears to be a potential second-line therapy. Placement of multiple plastic stents is currently considered to be the best choice as endoscopic treatment for biliary stricture due to chronic pancreatitis. Temporary placement with a fully covered metal stent has become an attractive option due to the lesser number of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) sessions and its large diameter. Further clinical trials comparing multiple placement of plastic stents with placement of a covered metal stent for biliary stricture secondary to chronic pancreatitis are awaited.

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