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Histochem Cell Biol. 2012 Jul;138(1):141-54. doi: 10.1007/s00418-012-0953-0. Epub 2012 Apr 25.

The C-terminal fragment of the immunoproteasome PA28S (Reg alpha) as an early diagnosis and tumor-relapse biomarker: evidence from mass spectrometry profiling.

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1
Laboratoire de Spectrométrie de Masse Biologique Fondamentale et Appliquée, Université Nord de France, EA 4550, Université de Lille 1, Cité Scientifique, 59650 Villeneuve D'Ascq, France.

Abstract

This study reports on the C-terminal fragment of the 11S proteasome activator complex (PA28 or Reg alpha), a novel ovarian-specific biomarker of early and late stages of ovarian cancer (OVC) relapse, in patient biopsies after chemotherapy. A total of 179 tissue samples were analyzed: 8 stage I, 55 stage III-IV, 10 relapsed serous carcinomas, 25 mucinous carcinomas and 12 borderline and 68 benign ovarian tissue samples. This fragment was detected by MALDI mass spectrometry profiling in conjunction with a novel extraction method using hexafluoroisopropanol (1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-propanol; HFIP) solvents for protein solubilization and by immunohistochemistry using a specific antibody directed against the C-terminal fragment of PA28. Due to its specific cellular localization, this fragment is a suitable candidate for early OVC diagnosis, patient prognosis and follow-up during therapy and discriminating borderline cancers. Statistical analyses performed for this marker at different OVC stages reflect a prevalence of 77.66 ± 8.77 % (with a correlation coefficient value p < 0.001 of 0.601 between OVC and benign tissue). This marker presents a prevalence of 88 % in the case of tumor relapse and is detected at 80.5 % in stage I and 81.25 % ± 1.06 in stage III-IV of OVC. The correlation value for the different OVC stages is p < 0.001 of 0.998. Taken together, this report constitutes the first evidence of a novel OVC-specific marker.

PMID:
22532226
DOI:
10.1007/s00418-012-0953-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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