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J Biol Chem. 2012 Jun 8;287(24):20081-7. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M111.335463. Epub 2012 Apr 23.

Protein kinase C-δ negatively regulates T cell receptor-induced NF-κB activation by inhibiting the assembly of CARMA1 signalosome.

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College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China.


T-cell receptor (TCR)-induced T-cell activation is a critical event in adaptive immune responses. The engagement of TCR complex by antigen along with the activation of the costimulatory receptors trigger a cascade of intracellular signaling, in which caspase recruitment domain-containing membrane-associated guanylate kinase 1 (CARMA1) is a crucial scaffold protein. Upon stimulation, CARMA1 recruits downstream molecules including B-cell CLL/lymphoma 10 (Bcl10), mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma translocation gene 1 (MALT1), and TRAF6 to assemble a specific TCR-induced signalosome that triggers NF-κB and JNK activation. In this report, we identified protein kinase Cδ (PKCδ) as a CARMA1-associated protein by a biochemical affinity purification approach. PKCδ interacted with CARMA1 in TCR stimulation-dependent manner in Jurkat T cells. Overexpression of PKCδ inhibited CARMA1-mediated NF-κB activation, whereas knockdown of PKCδ potentiated TCR-triggered NF-κB activation and IL-2 secretion in Jurkat T cells. Reconstitution experiments with PKCδ kinase-dead mutant indicated that the kinase activity of PKCδ was dispensable for its ability to inhibit TCR-triggered NF-κB activation. Furthermore, we found that PKCδ inhibited the interaction between MALT1 and TRAF6, but not the association of CARMA1 with PKCθ, Bcl10, or MALT1. These observations suggest that PKCδ is a negative regulator in T cell activation through inhibiting the assembly of CARMA1 signalosome.

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