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Nat Mater. 2012 Apr 23;11(5):409-16. doi: 10.1038/nmat3305.

Spintronics and pseudospintronics in graphene and topological insulators.

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Department of Physics, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712-1081, USA.


The two-dimensional electron systems in graphene and in topological insulators are described by massless Dirac equations. Although the two systems have similar Hamiltonians, they are polar opposites in terms of spin-orbit coupling strength. We briefly review the status of efforts to achieve long spin-relaxation times in graphene with its weak spin-orbit coupling, and to achieve large current-induced spin polarizations in topological-insulator surface states that have strong spin-orbit coupling. We also comment on differences between the magnetic responses and dilute-moment coupling properties of the two systems, and on the pseudospin analogue of giant magnetoresistance in bilayer graphene.


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