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Lab Anim. 2012 Jul;46(3):207-14. doi: 10.1258/la.2012.011055. Epub 2012 Apr 20.

The impact of commercial rodent diets on the induction of tumours and flat aberrant crypt foci in the intestine of multiple intestinal neoplasia mice.

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Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Division of Environmental Medicine, Department of Food Safety and Nutrition, PO Box 4404, Nydalen, NO-0403 Oslo, Norway.


A large variation in spontaneous tumour development in the multiple intestinal neoplasia (Min) mouse model between laboratories has been reported. The composition of the diet might be an important factor. We examined the impact of five commercial rodent diets: the natural ingredient breeding diet Harlan Teklad 2018 (HT), the purified breeding diet AIN93G, the natural ingredient maintenance diet RM1, and the purified maintenance diets AIN93M and AIN76A, on the spontaneous intestinal tumorigenesis in the Min mouse model. The Min mice were fed one of two breeding diets during gestation and until four weeks of age, thereafter one of the three maintenance diets. Min mice bred on the breeding diet HT had significantly higher numbers and incidences of tumours in the colon, but fewer tumours in the small intestine than the breeding diet AIN93G. The maintenance diet RM1 gave a significantly higher number of small intestinal and colonic tumours and precancerous lesions called flat aberrant crypt foci (ACF) compared with the maintenance diets AIN93M and AIN76A. These findings show the importance of defining the type of diet used in experimental intestinal carcinogenesis studies, and that the diet should be taken into consideration when comparing results from different studies with Min mice.

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