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Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2012 Jun;73(2):182-6. doi: 10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2012.03.009. Epub 2012 Apr 20.

Predominance of pHK01-like incompatibility group FII plasmids encoding CTX-M-14 among extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli in Hong Kong, 1996-2008.

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Department of Microbiology, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China.


This study assessed the temporal changes in the molecular epidemiology of bacteremic Escherichia coli isolates producing CTX-M-14 in Hong Kong. Blood isolates from 1996 to 1998 (period 1, n = 50) and 2007 to 2008 (period 2, n = 117) were investigated by molecular methods. CTX-M-type ESBL was carried by 98.2% (164/167) of the isolates. In both periods, the CTX-M-9 group and CTX-M-14 allele were the predominant ESBL type. The major clones were found to change from ST68 and ST405 in period 1 to ST131, ST69, and ST12 in period 2. Among 65 CTX-M-14-producing plasmids investigated further, 54 had the FII replicon. Replicon sequence typing and plasmid polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism showed that 79.6% (43/54) of the FII plasmid subset was similar to the completely sequenced plasmid, pHK01 (human urine, Hong Kong, 2004). These pHK01-like plasmids were found to have spread to the major clones (ST68, ST405, and ST131) and multiple singleton isolates of all 4 phylogenetic groups.

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