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Pediatr Neurol. 2012 May;46(5):287-92. doi: 10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2012.02.018.

Automatic detection of childhood absence epilepsy seizures: toward a monitoring device.

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1
Department of Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark.

Abstract

Automatic detections of paroxysms in patients with childhood absence epilepsy have been neglected for several years. We acquire reliable detections using only a single-channel brainwave monitor, allowing for unobtrusive monitoring of antiepileptic drug effects. Ultimately we seek to obtain optimal long-term prognoses, balancing antiepileptic effects and side effects. The electroencephalographic appearance of paroxysms in childhood absence epilepsy is fairly homogeneous, making it feasible to develop patient-independent automatic detection. We implemented a state-of-the-art algorithm to investigate the performance of paroxysm detection. Using only a single scalp electroencephalogram channel from 20 patients with a total of 125 paroxysms >2 seconds, 97.2% of paroxysms could be detected with no false detections. This result leads us to recommend further investigations of tiny, one-channel electroencephalogram systems in an ambulatory setting.

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