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Int J Otolaryngol. 2012;2012:575242. doi: 10.1155/2012/575242. Epub 2012 Feb 23.

Interaction between Chronic Inflammation and Oral HPV Infection in the Etiology of Head and Neck Cancers.

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1
NYS Center of Excellence in Bioinformatics and Life Sciences, Department of Oral Diagnostic Sciences, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA.

Abstract

Incidences of oral tongue, base of the tongue, and tonsil cancers have been increasing steadily in many parts of the world in spite of declining rates of tobacco use over the last four decades. A better understanding of the etiology, interactions between risk factors, and new approaches to prevention and treatment are necessary to change this course. This paper will present evidence supporting a potential role of chronic inflammation in the etiologies of oral human papillomavirus infection and head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, and it will discuss the implications for prevention and treatment.

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