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Enhancing Motivation for Change in Substance Abuse Treatment.


Center for Substance Abuse Treatment.


Rockville (MD): Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (US); 1999. Report No.: (SMA) 99-3354.
SAMHSA/CSAT Treatment Improvement Protocols.


This TIP, Enhancing Motivation for Change in Substance Abuse Treatment, embraces a fundamentally different way to conceptualize motivation. In this approach, motivation is viewed as a dynamic and changeable state rather than a static trait. This TIP shows how clinicians can influence this change process by developing a therapeutic relationship, one that respects and builds on the client's autonomy and, at the same time, makes the treatment counselor a participant in the change process. The TIP also describes different motivational interventions that can be used at all stages of change, from precontemplation and preparation to action and maintenance. The goal of this TIP is to make readers aware of the research, results, and promise of motivational interventions in the hope that they will be used more widely in clinical practice and treatment programs across the United States.

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