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Cell Immunol. 2012 Jan-Feb;275(1-2):33-41. doi: 10.1016/j.cellimm.2012.03.006. Epub 2012 Apr 3.

Anti-M(3) peptide IgG from Sjögren's syndrome triggers apoptosis in A253 cells.

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  • 1Pharmacology Unit, School of Dentistry, Buenos Aires University and Argentine National Research Council (CONICET), Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina. slreina@yahoo.com

Abstract

Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is an autoimmune disease that targets salivary and lachrymal glands, characterized by anti-cholinergic autoantibodies directed against the M(3) muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR). The aim of this work was to evaluate if cholinergic autoantibodies contained in IgG purified from Sjögren sera could trigger apoptosis of A253 cell line. We also determined if caspase-3 and matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) are involved in the induction of A253 cell death. Our results demonstrated that anti-cholinergic autoantibodies stimulate apoptosis and inositol phosphate (InsP) accumulation accompanied by caspase-3 activation and MMP-3 production. All of these effects were blunted by atropine and J104794, indicating that M(3) mAChRs are impacted by the anti-cholinergic autoantibodies. The intracellular pathway leading to autoantibody-induced biological effects involves phospholipase C (PLC), calcium/calmodulin (CaM) and extracellular calcium as demonstrated by treatment with U-73122, W-7, verapamil, BAPTA and BAPTA-AM, all of which blocked the effects of the anti-cholinergic autoantibodies. In conclusion, anti-cholinergic autoantibodies in IgG purified from pSS patient's sera mediates apoptosis of the A253 cell line in an InsP, caspase-3 and MMP-3 dependent manner.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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