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Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. 2012 Jun;94(6):464-8. doi: 10.1002/bdra.23011. Epub 2012 Apr 18.

Region 8q24 is a susceptibility locus for nonsyndromic oral clefting in Brazil.

Author information

1
Human Genome Research Center, Institute of Biosciences, University of São Paulo, Brazil.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate is a relatively common craniofacial defect with multifactorial inheritance. The association of the rs987525 single nucleotide variant, located in a gene desert at 8q24.21 region, has been consistently replicated in European populations. We performed a structured association approach combined with transcriptional analysis of the MYC gene to dissect the role of rs987525 in oral clefting susceptibility in the ethnically admixed Brazilian population.

METHODS:

We performed the association study conditioned on the individual ancestry proportions in a sample of 563 patients and 336 controls, and in an independent sample of 221 patients and 261 controls. The correlation between rs987525 genotypes and MYC transcriptional levels in orbicularis oris muscle mesenchymal stem cells was also investigated in 42 patients and 4 controls.

RESULTS:

We found a significant association in the larger sample (p = 0.0016; OR = 1.80 [95% confidence interval {CI}, 1.21-2.69], for heterozygous genotype, and 2.71 [95% CI, 1.47-4.96] for homozygous genotype). We did not find a significant correlation between rs987525 genotypes and MYC transcriptional levels (p = 0.14; r = -0.22, Spearman Correlation).

CONCLUSIONS:

We present a positive association of rs987525 in the Brazilian population for the first time, and it is likely that the European contribution to our population is driving this association. We also cannot discard a role of rs987515 in MYC regulation, because this locus behaves as an expression quantitative locus of MYC in another tissue.

PMID:
22511506
DOI:
10.1002/bdra.23011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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