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Clin Dermatol. 2012 May-Jun;30(3):345-8. doi: 10.1016/j.clindermatol.2011.08.018.

New treatments for restoring impaired epidermal barrier permeability: skin barrier repair creams.

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1
Department of Dermatology, Duke University School of Medicine, 2444 North Main Street, High Point, NC 27262, USA. zdraelos@northstate.net

Abstract

Skin health depends on an intact barrier composed of protein-rich corneocytes surrounded by the lamellar intercellular lipids. This barrier provides waterproof protection for the body, preventing infection, regulating electrolyte balance, maintaining body temperature, and providing a mechanism for sensation. Damage to the skin barrier results in skin disease that can be treated by a variety of externally applied substances, such as ceramides, hyaluronic acid, licorice extracts, dimethicone, petrolatum, and paraffin wax. These substances are found in moisturizers that are sold as cosmetics and in prescriptions as 510(k) devices. This contribution examines the formulation and effect of skin barrier creams.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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