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Nurse Educ Today. 2013 Aug;33(8):791-5. doi: 10.1016/j.nedt.2012.03.010. Epub 2012 Apr 13.

Comparison of problem-based learning and lecture-based learning in midwifery.

Author information

1
Department of Midwifery, Member of Mother & Child Care Research Center, Nursing & Midwifery College, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Lecturing is the most common teaching method in the medical education. Problem-based learning (PBL) is one of the active and student-oriented learning strategies which have gained attention in the recent decades.

OBJECTIVE:

To compare the effect of PBL and lecture-based learning (LBL) on the satisfaction and learning progress of undergraduate midwifery students.

DESIGN:

Quasi-experimental study.

SETTINGS:

Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, Iran.

PARTICIPANTS:

Fifty-six undergraduate midwifery students in two different classes participated in the study.

METHODS:

Randomly, one class (experimental group) received PBL in addition to LBL and the other one (control group) received traditional LBL. "Pregnancy and childbirth", a 2-credit course, was selected for this purpose. Scientific pre-test and post-tests were performed and satisfaction questionnaire was filled in for both groups. A questionnaire to compare PBL and LBL was filled in only for the experimental group. The instruments used in the study were "Demographic data form", "Students' learning progress test", "Student's satisfaction of teaching method", and the "Teaching method evaluation".

RESULTS:

Learning progress in PBL group was significantly more than control group. PBL improved application of theory lesson in clinical practice, increased learning motivation and enhanced educational activity in class. There was more satisfaction with PBL method. There was no relationship between the students' satisfaction and learning progress. 81.8% of students considered PBL the more suitable and better method.

CONCLUSION:

PBL should be applied more in undergraduate midwifery courses. According to these advantages, the quality of midwifery education can be improved via this method.

KEYWORDS:

Lecturing; Midwifery students; Problem-based learning

PMID:
22503681
DOI:
10.1016/j.nedt.2012.03.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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