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Diabetes Metab. 2012 Oct;38(4):281-9. doi: 10.1016/j.diabet.2012.02.006. Epub 2012 Apr 12.

Peripheral neuropathy in children with type 1 diabetes.

Author information

1
Diabetic Clinic, Second Department of Paediatrics, University of Athens, P&A Kyriakou Children's Hospital, Athens, Greece. mlouraki@hotmail.com

Abstract

Diabetic neuropathy (DN) is a major complication of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) with significant morbidity and mortality in adulthood. Clinical neuropathy is rarely seen in paediatric populations, whereas subclinical neuropathy is commonly seen, especially in adolescents. Peripheral DN involves impairment of the large and/or small nerve fibres, and can be diagnosed by various methods. Nerve conduction studies (NCS) are the gold-standard method for the detection of subclinical DN; however, it is invasive, difficult to perform and selectively detects large-fibre abnormalities. Vibration sensation thresholds (VSTs) and thermal discrimination thresholds (TDTs) are quicker and easier and, therefore, more suitable as screening tools. Poor glycaemic control is the most important risk factor for the development of DN. Maintaining near-normoglycaemia is the only way to prevent or reverse neural impairment, as the currently available treatments can only relieve the symptoms of DN. Early detection of children and adolescents with nervous system abnormalities is crucial to allow all appropriate measures to be taken to prevent the development of DN.

PMID:
22503144
DOI:
10.1016/j.diabet.2012.02.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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