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Mol Cell. 2012 May 25;46(4):495-506. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2012.03.009. Epub 2012 Apr 12.

Staufen1-mediated mRNA decay functions in adipogenesis.

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School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul 136-701, Republic of Korea.


The double-stranded RNA binding protein Staufen1 (Stau1) is involved in diverse gene expression pathways. For Stau1-mediated mRNA decay (SMD) in mammals, Stau1 binds to the 3' untranslated region of target mRNA and recruits Upf1 to elicit rapid mRNA degradation. However, the events downstream of Upf1 recruitment and the biological importance of SMD remain unclear. Here we show that SMD involves PNRC2, decapping activity, and 5'-to-3' exonucleolytic activity. In particular, Upf1 serves as an adaptor protein for the association of PNRC2 and Stau1. During adipogenesis, Stau1 and PNRC2 increase in abundance, Upf1 becomes hyperphosphorylated, and consequently SMD efficiency is enhanced. Intriguingly, downregulation of SMD components attenuates adipogenesis in a way that is rescued by downregulation of an antiadipogenic factor, Kr├╝ppel-like factor 2 (KLF2), the mRNA of which is identified as a substrate of SMD. Our data thus identify a biological role for SMD in adipogenesis.

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