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J Cardiothorac Surg. 2012 Apr 13;7:32. doi: 10.1186/1749-8090-7-32.

Selective cerebral perfusion with 4-branch graft total aortic arch replacement: outcomes in 12 patients.

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1
Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, No 201, Sec 2, Shih-Pai Rd, Taipei 112, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Aortic arch reconstruction is associated with high neurological morbidity. Our purpose is to describe our experience using a 4-branched graft and selective antegrade brain perfusion (SABP) for total aortic arch replacement (TAR).

METHODS:

We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 12 patients who received TAR, with or without ascending aorta replacement, with a 4-branched graft for Stanford type A dissection (n = 9) or aortic arch aneurysm (n = 3). In all patients surgery was performed with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) with or without retrograde brain perfusion, and selective antegrade brain perfusion (SABP) via the subclavian artery or axillary artery.

RESULTS:

There were 8 males and 4 females with an average age of 63.14 years. Emergent operations were performed in 9 patients with acute type A aortic dissections. Of all 12 patients, 2 deaths occurred and 1 patient experienced lower extremity paraplegia resulting in an in-hospital mortality rate of 16.6% and a permanent neurological deficit rate of 8.3%.

CONCLUSIONS:

The use of a 4-branched graft, hypothermic circulatory arrest, and SABP is a useful operative method for aortic arch replacement with acceptable morbidity and mortality.

PMID:
22502631
PMCID:
PMC3359234
DOI:
10.1186/1749-8090-7-32
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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