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Enzyme Microb Technol. 2012 May 10;50(6-7):271-9. doi: 10.1016/j.enzmictec.2012.01.006. Epub 2012 Feb 24.

Laccase- and chloroperoxidase-nanotube paint composites with bactericidal and sporicidal activity.

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Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY 12180, USA.


Laccase and chloroperoxidase (CPO) were separately immobilized onto multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) and subsequently mixed with a commercial eco-friendly paint to generate biocatalytic coatings. The laccase-nanotube based paints showed >99% bactericidal activity against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus (both challenged with 10⁶ CFU/mL) within 30 min and >98% sporicidal activity against Bacillus cereus and Bacillus anthracis-ΔSterne (initially challenged with 10⁴ CFU/mL) within 120 min. The CPO-nanotube based paints also showed >99% antimicrobial activity within 30 min against E. coli and S. aureus (both challenged with 10⁶ CFU/mL). These enzyme-nanotube based formulations provide an eco-friendly route to generate biocidal compounds, which can prevent the growth of a broad spectrum of bacterial pathogens, including spores. These enzyme-containing paints may be envisioned to be applied as self-decontaminating coatings onto a wide range of surfaces, such as hospital infrastructure, medical devices and equipment, food processing and packaging, etc.; in all cases effective killing of a variety of infectious organisms is critical.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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